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Volume 131, Issue No. 4 July/August 2016
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Volume 126
Supplement 2: Assessment of Vaccination Coverage

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Vaccinations are one of the foundations of public health. This July/August 2011 supplemental issue of PHR highlights vaccination surveillance efforts in the U.S. and abroad. Beginning with a historical overview of immunization in the U.S., which dates back to before the Revolutionary War, an article by guest editor Dr. Philip J. Smith of CDC and contributing editors Drs. David Wood and Paul M. Darden lays the foundation for contemporary vaccination assessment efforts. In his special commentary, Assistant Secretary for Health Dr. Howard K. Koh discusses the recently updated National Vaccine Plan and outlines the Plan’s five goals, which together provide a framework for national action to guide and coordinate vaccine and immunization efforts for the coming decade.

Several articles in this supplement discuss parental vaccine concerns and refusals/delays and their impact on child immunization status and pediatricians’ practices. Other articles cover a spectrum of vaccination topics, including measles underimmunization in Swiss children, extra-immunization and fragmentation of care, and the impact of the Vaccines for Children Program on vaccination coverage of eligible children in the U.S. Several articles conclude that better education and more stringent child care and school-entry requirements regarding vaccinations could help boost vaccination coverage in the U.S. and abroad.

Article Title Page Number
Vaccines: A Model for Prevention 1
Howard K. Koh, MD, MPH  
Highlights of Historical Events Leading to National Surveillance of Vaccination Coverage in the United States 3
Philip J. Smith, PhD / David Wood, MD, MPH / Paul M. Darden, MD  
Pediatricians’ Experience with and Response to Parental Vaccine Safety Concerns and Vaccine Refusals: A Survey of Connecticut Pediatricians 13
Susan Leib, MD, MPH / Penny Liberatos, PhD / Karen Edwards, MD, MPH  
How Parents’ Negative Experiences at Immunization Visits Affect Child Immunization Status in a Community in New York City 24
Melissa S. Stockwell, MD,MPH / Matilde Irigoyen, MD / Raquel Andres Martinez, PhD / Sally Findley, PhD  
Improving Immunization Rates at 18 Months of Age: Implications for Individual Practices 33
James T. McElligott, MD, MSCR / James R. Roberts, MD, MPH / Elizabeth S. O’Brien, RN / Katherine D. Freeland, BS / Maureen S. Kolasa, RN, MPH / John Stevenson, MA / Paul M. Darden, MD  
Increasing Inner-City Adult Influenza Vaccination Rates: A Randomized Controlled Trial 39
Sharon G. Humiston, MD / Nancy M. Bennett, MD / Christine Long, MPH / Shirley Eberly, MS / Lourdes Arvelo, CSW / Joseph Stankaitis, MD / Peter G. Szilagyi, MD  
Extra-Immunization as a Clinical Indicator for Fragmentation of Care 48
Paul M. Darden, MD / Kristina K. Gustafson, MD / Paul J. Nietert, PhD / Robert M. Jacobson, MD  
Validity of Parent-Reported Vaccination Status for Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years: National Immunization Survey-Teen, 2008 60
Christina G. Dorell, MD, MPH / Nidhi Jain, MD, MPH / David Yankey, CPH, MS  
Assessing the Relationship Between Seasonal and H1N1 Influenza Vaccination Status in Michigan Children, 2009–2010 70
Matthew L. Boulton, MD, MPH / Alyse M. Grossman, MPH / Rachel Potter, DVM, MS / Patricia A. Vranesich, RN, BSN / Joshua Clayton, MPH  
Using the North Dakota Immunization Information System to Determine Adolescent Vaccination Rates and Uptake 78
Keith LoMurray, BA / Molly Sander, MPH  
The Effect of Policy Changes on Hepatitis A Vaccine Uptake in Arizona Children, 1995–2008 87
Kacey C. Ernst, PhD, MPH / Kristen Pogreba-Brown, MPH / Lisa Rasmussen, BA / Laura M. Erhart, MPH  
The Swiss National Vaccination Coverage Survey, 2005–2007 97
Phung Lang, MPH, PhD / Hanspeter Zimmermann, MD / Ursula Piller / Robert Steffen, MD / Christoph Hatz, MD  
Vaccination Coverage Among U.S. Children Aged 19–35 Months Entitled by the Vaccines for Children Program, 2009 109
Philip J. Smith, PhD / Megan C. Lindley, MPH / Lance E. Rodewald, MD  
Vaccination Coverage Among U.S. Adolescents Aged 13–17 Years Eligible for the Vaccines for Children Program, 2009 124
Megan C. Lindley, MPH / Philip J. Smith, PhD / Lance E. Rodewald, MD  
Parental Delay or Refusal of Vaccine Doses, Childhood Vaccination Coverage at 24 Months of Age, and the Health Belief Model 135
Philip J. Smith, PhD / Sharon G. Humiston, MD / Edgar K. Marcuse, MD, MPH / Zhen Zhao, PhD / Christina G. Dorell, MD, MPH / Cynthia Howes, MS / Beth Hibbs, RN, MPH  

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