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Volume 131, Issue No. 4 July/August 2016
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Volume 126
Supplement 3: Data Systems and Social Determinants of Health

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This special supplement to the September/October 2011 issue of Public Health Reports focuses on data systems and their use in addressing social determinants of health (SDH)—the underlying economic and social conditions that influence the health of individuals and communities as a whole.

Sponsored by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), this supplement brings attention to the increasing burden and inequities in some health outcomes, as well as the use of data to expand the knowledge base on SDH. In his special commentary, "The Ultimate Measures of Health," Assistant Secretary for Health Dr. Howard K. Koh discusses the need for a broad "health in all policies" approach to public health for the 21st century. Similarly, in their guest editorial, Drs. Kathleen McDavid Harrison and Hazel D. Dean of CDC describe the need for a holistic approach to disease prevention that involves addressing not only individual, social, structural, and environmental determinants, but also working with a wide array of government and private sector organizations, including health, education, justice, environment, and labor. In turn, this holistic approach requires using diverse kinds of data such as surveillance, legal, land use, marketing, workforce, education, and financial.

Several articles within the supplement describe novel ways to use surveillance data from both national and state-level data collection systems, while others demonstrate innovative ways of linking labor, housing, and policy data with public health data to assess health outcomes. Additionally, experts provide specific viewpoints on gender equity as a social determinant, the use of public health law research to address SDH, and psychosocial factors affecting health.

Article Title Page Number
Use of Data Systems to Address Social Determinants of Health: A Need to Do More 1
Kathleen McDavid Harrison, PhD, MPH / Hazel D. Dean, ScD, MPH  
Data Systems Linking Social Determinants of Health with Health Outcomes: Advancing Public Goods to Support Research and Evidence-Based Policy and Programs 6
Ritu Sadana, ScD / Sam Harper, PhD  
The Ultimate Measures of Health 14
Howard K. Koh, MD, MPH  
Including Gender in Public Health Research 16
Susan P. Phillips, MD, MSc, CCFP  
Law in a Social Determinants Strategy: A Public Health Law Research Perspective 22
Scott Burris, JD  
Accumulating Knowledge on the Social Determinants of Health and Infectious Disease 28
Paula A. Braveman, MD, MPH  
The NCHHSTP 2010–2015 Strategic Plan and the Pursuit of Health Equity: A Catalyst for Change and A Step in the Right Direction 31
Johnnie (Chip) Allen, MPH / Robert Jennings, BA / Robyn S. Taylor, MBA / Michele Shipp, MD, DrPH  
Reflections from the CDC 2010 Health Equity Symposium 38
Sha Juan J. Colbert, PhD, MPH / Kathleen McDavid Harrison, PhD, MPH  
Collection of Social Determinant of Health Measures in U.S. National Surveillance Systems for HIV, Viral Hepatitis, STDs, and TB 41
Victoria M. Beltran, MPH, CHES / Kathleen McDavid Harrison, PhD, MPH / H. Irene Hall, PhD / Hazel D. Dean, ScD  
Incorporating Geospatial Capacity within Clinical Data Systems to Address Social Determinants of Health 54
Karen Frederickson Comer, MLA / Shaun Grannis, MD, MS / Brian E. Dixon, MPA, PhD / David J. Bodenhamer, PhD / Sarah E. Wiehe, MD, MPH  
Promoting Health and Safety in San Francisco’s Chinatown Restaurants: Findings and Lessons Learned from a Pilot Observational Checklist 62
Megan Gaydos, MPH / Rajiv Bhatia, MD, MPH / Alvaro Morales, MPH / Pam Tau Lee, BS / Shaw San Liu, BA / Charlotte Chang, DrPH / Alicia L. Salvatore, DrPH / Niklas Krause, MD, PhD / Meredith Minkler, DrPH  
Identifying the Impact of Social Determinants of Health on Disease Rates Using Correlation Analysis of Area-Based Summary Information 70
Ruiguang Song, PhD / H. Irene Hall, PhD / Kathleen McDavid Harrison, PhD, MPH / Tanya Telfair Sharpe, PhD / Lillian S. Lin, PhD / Hazel D. Dean, ScD  
Changing Disparities in Invasive Pneumococcal Disease by Socioeconomic Status and Race/Ethnicity in Connecticut, 1998–2008 81
Kristen Soto, MPH / Susan Petit, MPH / James L. Hadler, MD, MPH  
Use of Medicaid Data to Explore Community Characteristics Associated with HIV Prevalence Among Beneficiaries with Schizophrenia 89
James Walkup, PhD / Ayse Akincigil, PhD / Donald R. Hoover, PhD / Michele J. Siegel, PhD / Shahla Amin, MS / Stephen Crystal, PhD  
Institutional Racism and Pregnancy Health: Using Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Data to Develop an Index for Mortgage Discrimination at the Community Level 102
Dara D. Mendez, PhD, MPH / Vijaya Hogan, DrPH / Jennifer F. Culhane, PhD,MPH  
Spatial Visualization of Multivariate Datasets: An Analysis of STD and HIV/AIDS Diagnosis Rates and Socioeconomic Context Using Ring Maps 115
Ana Lòpez-De Fede, PhD / John E. Stewart, MS, MPH / James W. Hardin, PhD / Kathy Mayfield-Smith, MA, MBA / Dawn Sudduth, M.Ed  
Creating and Using New Data Sources to Analyze the Relationship Between Social Policy and Global Health: The Case of Maternal Leave 127
Jody Heymann, MD, PhD / Amy Raub, MS / Alison Earle, PhD  

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