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Current Issue

Volume 129, Issue No. 2 March/April 2014
Current Issue
Full Contents | Past Issues
ISSN 0033-3549

March/April 2014
PHR Masthead

A Message from the Editor
Mary Beth Bigley, DrPH, MSN, ANP

Surgeon General’s Perspectives: C. Everett Koop and the National HIV/AIDS Strategy
Boris D. Lushniak , MD, MPH, RADM

Recommendations from the National Vaccine Advisory Committee: Standards for Adult Immunization Practice
National Vaccine Advisory Committee

From the Schools and Programs of Public Health, On Academics: Incorporating Global Health Competencies into the Public Health Curriculum
Kate Winskell, PhD / Dabney Evans, PhD, MPH / Rob Stephenson, PhD / Carlos Del Rio, MD, FIDSA / James W. Curran, MD, MPH

From the Schools and Programs of Public Health, Student Column: Demographic Disparities in the Tobacco Retail Environment in Boston: A Citywide Spatial Analysis
Dustin T. Duncan, ScD / Ichiro Kawachi, MD, PhD / Steven J. Melly, MS / Jeffery Blossom, MA / Glorian Sorensen, PhD, MPH / David R. Williams, PhD, MPH

More on PubMed Central PubMed Central
Additional volumes and issue numbers (1878-2007) can be
found on PubMed Central.
 
Webinars

#The Meet the Author webcast series offers a unique forum to discuss current topics in public health. Each webcast focuses on an issue recently highlighted in a Public Health Report's article or commentary. During the webcast the author and distinguished guests will present the topic and then take your questions. All webcasts are archived and can be viewed or downloaded at any time.

If you have questions or comments regarding the webcast or Continuing Education (CE) credits, please contact Erin Williams at ewilliams@aspph.org.

 
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Nursing in 3D: Workforce Diversity, Health Disparities, and Social Determinants of Health
Tuesday, February 25, 2014

Dr. Shanita Williams - Branch Chief, Division of Nursing, Bureau of Health Professions, Health Resources and Services Administration
Mr. William Freeman - Staff Service Fellow, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Dr. Paula Braveman - Professor, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Center on Social Disparities in Health
Dr. Janice Phillips - Director of Government and Regulatory Affairs, CGFNS International

Achieving health equity and improving health outcomes means eliminating health disparities. Achieving health equity requires a collective effort across all disciplines and all sectors (including outside of health care). The nursing community cannot address health disparities and health equity in isolation. This webinar features experts in nursing workforce diversity, health care quality and access, health disparities, and social determinants of health to discuss the academic and health system factors and social, economic, and environmental determinants that influence health workforce diversity and health equity. The presenters will highlight relevant work currently underway in the federal and private sectors and presents various pathways and partnerships that can help improve health equity.

Press Release | Webinar Powerpoint | Webinar Archive  

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New PHS Organ Transplantation Guideline
Tuesday, June 25, 2013
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Unexpected transmission of infection through organ transplantation is a patient safety and public health issue. The objective of this guideline is to improve organ transplant recipient outcomes by reducing the risk of HIV, HBV, and HCV transmission. For this webinar, Dr. Ronald Valdiserri, Deputy Assistant Secretary of Health, Office of HIV/AIDS and Infectious Disease Policy, will give a brief overview of the topic; Dr. Matthew Kuehnert, contributing guideline author, will present guideline recommendations and the evidence base process; and Dr. Jay Fishman, guideline Expert Panel member, will discuss bridging gaps in the evidence through further studies. Join us to hear about this important public health issue and these new recommendations.

Matthew Kuehnert, MD, is Director of the Office of Blood, Organ and other Tissue Safety, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Jay Fishman, MD, is a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Director of the Transplant Infectious Disease and Compromised Host Program and Associate Director of the Transplantation Center, Massachusetts General Hospital.

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Public Health Reports Webinar on Understanding Sexual Health
Tuesday, March 12, 2013

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Guest editor Dr. John Douglas and contributing authors Dr. Edward Hook III, Dr. Susan Kirby, and Mr. Robert Nystrom, will present a webinar on the science and practical applications of sexual health, an important health promotion concept with the potential for improving population health in a broad range of areas related to sexual behavior, including, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), viral hepatitis, teen and unintended pregnancy, and sexual violence.

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The Surgeon General's Youth Tobacco Report supports the Tobacco-Free College Campus Initiative
Wednesday, June 27, 2012

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Dr. Regina Benjamin (U.S. Surgeon General), Mr. Clifford Douglas (Director of the University of Michigan Tobacco Research Network and Advisor on Tobacco Control Policy to the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health), and Dr. David Smith, (President of State University of New York [SUNY], Upstate Medical University) will present a webinar to discuss findings from the report, Preventing Tobacco Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General. This webinar will also discuss current information on a national effort for colleges and universities to promote tobacco-free campuses and will present a case study of SUNY’s success in implementing a tobacco-free campus.

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Innovations in Oral Health Care for People Living with HIV/AIDS
Tuesday, May 22, 2012
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Lead editor Dr. Sara Bachman, and guest editors Ms. Jane Fox, Dr. David Reznik, Ms. Carol Tobias will lead this Public Health Reports webinar, which will discuss the increased recognition of the association between oral health and systemic health which has led to meaningful enhancements in clinical knowledge and support for public health policies that advance overall health.

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The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act:
Key Provisions for Public Health Policy and Practice

October 11, 2011

Sara Rosenbaum JD; Jane Hyatt Thorpe JD; Katherine Hayes JD; Paula Lantz PhD
George Washington University
School of Public Health and Health Services Department of Health Policy

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act represents a landmark in U.S. health policy. This webinar will explore the major components of the law, including its public and private health insurance reforms, policies to advance quality and efficiency, and investments in population health and community benefit.  The focus of the session will be on the Act's implications for public health policy and practice.

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Are We Prepared?
Lessons Learned From the Last Decade of Preparedness Education and a Look to the Future
(No Audio)

February 1, 2011

Bernard Turnock, MD, MPH - University of Illinois Chicago School of Public Health
Jack Thompson, MSW - University of Washington School of Public Health
Edward Baker, MD, MPH - University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Gillings School of Global Public Health

In 2000, continuing education and training for the public health workforce related to preparing for and responding to new and emerging threats to public health were limited, at best. Today, we have a vast knowledge base of workforce development experts and training resources that have the information, skills and technologies needed to prepare our communities for an all hazards emergency.

The November/December 2010 PHR Special Supplement on Public Health Preparedness focuses on using the impacts and lessons learned of the Centers for Public Health Preparedness to inform education and training efforts moving forward. Preparedness training experts are being used to inform future education and training efforts.

During this webcast, the guest editors for the supplement, Mr. Jack Thompson (University of Washington), Dr. Edward Baker (University of North Carolina) and Dr. Bernard Turnock (University of Illinois Chicago), will discuss some of the overarching issues raised in the supplement and begin to examine ways to put yesterday's lessons to work for tomorrow in order to enhance the nation's ability to respond to public health crises.

Press Release | PHR Articles | Webcast Powerpoint | Webcast Archive
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Tracking Parents' Concerns about Childhood Vaccines
December 7, 2010

Featured Author:
Philip Smith, PhD
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Disease
Guest Commentaries by:
Edgar Marcuse, MD, MPH
University of Washington School of Public Health
Sharon Humiston, MD, MPH
Children's Mercy Hospitals & Clinics, Kansas City, MO

Why do parents fail to seek vaccinations for their children? This question of vaccine acceptance is not new. In the 1950's, with the number of polio cases surging and with a safe and effective vaccine available, some people still declined to be vaccinated or to have their children vaccinated. In response, the Public Health Service began research to understand why. In 1959 Irwin Rosenstock published the seminal paper in Public Health Reports titled “Why People Fail to Seek Poliomyelitis Vaccination” (Issue 74, Number 2). That paper described reasons why adults may have chosen not to vaccinate themselves or their children. His summary of reasons became the basis of a theory of human behavior known today as the Health Belief Model.

The purpose of this webcast is to return to Rosenstock's question, "Why do parents fail to seek vaccinations for their children?" This presentation will use data from the 2009 National Immunization Survey to provide an answer to that question framed within the context of the celebrated Health Beliefs Model. We will also provide a modern-day validation of Rosenstock's model by presenting an evaluation of the close association between vaccination coverage and responses to factors included in his model.

Press Release | PHR Article  | Webcast Archive
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Socioeconomic Status and Risk of Diabetes-Related Mortality in the U.S.
(No Audio)

August 31, 2010
Sharon Saydah, PhD - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Diabetes Translation

Despite decades of public health and medical interventions, diabetes has remained one of the top 10 leading causes of death in the United States. Surprisingly, little is known about the extent of socioeconomic differences in diabetes-related mortality, due in large part to the paucity of data sources which contain health, mortality, as well as robust socioeconomic information. This webcast will discuss an approach to address some of the previous data limitations by examining socioeconomic differences in diabetes-related mortality. The webcast presentation will focus on a recent study published in Public Health Reports (volume 125-3; pp 377-88) that uses nationally representative data sources and demonstrates the socioeconomic gradient in diabetes-related mortality in the U.S.

Press Release | PHR Article | Webcast Powerpoint | Webcast Archive
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Surveillance for STDs in the United States
April 30, 2010

Nicholas Gaffga, MD, MPH - Medical Epidemiologist, Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Cornelis A. Rietmeijer, MD, PhD, MSPH - Professor, Department of Community and Behavioral Health, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver

Dr. Nicholas Gaffga will give an overview of public health surveillance for STDs in the United States. He will discuss some of the challenges that exist and the usefulness of enhanced collection, reporting, and interpretation of information. Dr. Cornelis Rietmeijer will present the experiences and lessons learned of implementing and conducting the STD Surveillance Network, a multi-site, national sentinel surveillance system for sexually transmitted infections.

Press Release | PHR Article1 | PHR Article2 | Webcast Archive
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How Healthy Could a State Be?
March 22, 2010

David A Kindig, MD, PhD Emeritus Professor of Population Health Sciences Emeritus Vice Chancellor for Health Sciences University of Wisconsin/Madison School of Medicine and Public Health.

Commentary: The Politics of Achievable Mortality
Daniel M. Fox, PhD President Emeritus of the Milbank Memorial Fund, New York City, New York

The author, Dr. David Kindig will discuss how states might expect their mortality rates to be lowered if they obtained the best levels of health determinants observed among all states.  He will discuss the major areas requiring investment if these goals are to be met and address how states will require different investment strategies depending on their pattern of modifiable and nonmodifiable determinants.

In his accompanying commentary, Dr. Daniel Fox will discuss the epidemiology of politics; principles and practices by which senior public officials reduce their risk of losing office.

Press Release | PHR Article1 | PHR Article2 | Webcast Archive
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Planning for a Pandemic – Can History Inform Action?
November 30, 2009

Howard Markel, MD, PhD George E. Wantz Professor of The History of Medicine, University of Michigan
Alexandra Stern, PhD Zina Pitcher Collegiate Professor in The History Of Medicine, University Of Michigan
Marty Cetron, MD Director of the Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The PHR Meet the Author Webcast series brings together public health historians and practitioners to connect the U.S. experience of the 1918 flu pandemic to the ongoing practice issues facing influenza preparedness planning.
The program will address cutting-edge questions including:

  • How did diverse communities and local leaders respond to the 1918 flu?
  • How can these responses inform contemporary planning?
  • How are these lessons being applied to inform the U.S. response to H1N1?
  • What are the implications for planning at the local level, both in urban and rural America?

Press Release | Webcast Archive | Webcast Audio


Multivitamin Use in Pregnant and Nonpregnant Women
September 15, 2009

Kevin Sullivan, PhD, MPH, MHA: Associate Professor of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Atlanta, GA.

Dr. Kevin Sullivan of Emory University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention presented his research on multivitamin use in pregnant and nonpregnant women. His article on this topic appeared in the May/June 2009 issue of Public Health Reports and is available here.

Press Release | PHR Article | Webcast Archive


Energy and Public Health: The Challenge of Peak Petroleum
February 10, 2009

Howard Frumkin, MD, DrPH, Director, National Center for Environmental Health, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Michael Osterholm, PhD, MPH, Director, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, Professor, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, Adjunct Professor, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota

Peak oil – that idea that global petroleum production will reach a maximum and begin declining – is a reality which health and public health professionals need to start talking about. Petroleum is a finite resource. Yet we rely on readily available, affordable petroleum-based products for the daily functions of public health. How long will supplies last? What will happen when they become less available and even more expensive? The public health community must begin a discussion of how our changing and vulnerable energy supplies will impact public health and how we can anticipate, prepare and begin to plan to meet this inevitable challenge.

Press Release | PHR Article1 | PHR Article2 | Webcast Archive




Place Matters -- Urban Racial Disparities in Preterm Birth Rate (No Audio)
November 3, 2008

Surgeon General, RADM Steven Galson, MD, MPH and
Michael Kramer, PhD
Candidate at Emory University

“Place Matters—Urban Racial Disparities in Preterm Birth Rate,” was the topic and both speakers presented methods for assessing the magnitude of racial differences in preterm birth, and the determinants and impacts of this racial disparity in U.S. metropolitan areas. Below is a link for the archived presentation in PDF format.
Due to a technical malfunction, the audio is unavailable.

Press Release | Webcast Archive




One World, One Health, One Medicine: Public Health and Veterinary Medicine
September 5, 2008

Lonnie King, DVM; Hugh Mainzer, MS, DVM, Dipl. ACVPM;
Diane Gubernot, MPH; Laura Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP

The Webcast speakers presented on various aspects of veterinary medicine and public health including collaboration between the two fields, the state of the veterinary medicine workforce, the integrated zoonotic surveillance system and the one health initiative.

Press Release | Webcast Archive


Childhood Obesity: Prevention and Prevalence
April 23, 2008

RADM Steven K. Galson, MD, MPH, and
Helen Margellos-Anast, MPH of Sinai Urban Health Institute

RADM Galson presented on the upcoming Surgeon General’s Perspectives column that debuted in the May/June 2008 issue of Public Health Reports. Ms. Margellos-Anast gave her presentation on her article, "Prevalence of Obesity Among Children in Six Chicago Communities: Findings from a Health Survey."

Press Release | PHR Article | Webcast Archive


Beryllium: Why do OSHA Standards Remain the Same, Even When the Science Changes?
February 4, 2008

Dr. David Michaels, Research Professor and Acting Chairman
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, George Washington University School of Public Health and Health Services.

Dr. Michaels discussed the historical context of the industry and the scientific controversy over beryllium standards and detailed implications this case study could have for policymakers.

Press Release | PHR Article | Webcast Archive


Uranium Mining: The Intersection of Science, Politics and Social Justice
December 3, 2007

Dr. Richard Hornung, director, Biostatistics and Data Management Core, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Dr. Hornung provided an overview of the science behind our knowledge of adverse health effects from exposure to radon as a result of uranium mining, including the experience of Navajo miners in the US, as well as the intersection of politics and science as they relate to compensation.

Press Release | PHR Article | Webcast Archive


The Challenge of Pandemic Flu to the Healthcare System
September 10, 2007

Dr. Peter Levin, former dean, University at Albany School of Public Health.

Dr. Levin addresses the impact a pandemic flu would have on the health-care system, the ethics involved with decision-making and how communication to the public about the flu will play an important role.

Press Release
| PHR Article | Webcast Archive


Building a Public Health Surveillance System for Carbon Monoxide Poisonings: Issues and Challenges
April 3, 2007

Ms. Judith Graber, epidemiologist, Maine Department of Health and Human Services


A Public Health Response to Implementation of Medicare Part D
February 6, 2007

Dr. Joshua Sharfstein, director, Baltimore City Health Department


 

 
 

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